10 Essential Steps for Filing a Medical Malpractice Claim

10 Essential Steps for Filing a Medical Malpractice Claim

Medical malpractice is a serious issue that occurs when a healthcare professional deviates from the standard of care, resulting in harm to a patient.

This can have devastating consequences not only for the victims but also for their families and friends. In some states, such as Maryland, the prevalence of medical malpractice cases is notably high.

Maryland is among the top ten states with the most medical malpractice cases, highlighting how important it is for victims to understand the legal steps they can take to seek compensation. Knowing how to navigate the legal process is crucial for those affected by medical malpractice.

1. Hire an Attorney from a Reputable Law Firm

The first essential step is to hire an attorney who specializes in medical malpractice. According to the Maryland Association for Justice, medical errors that can be prevented kill thousands of Maryland citizens each year and tragically injure many more. Hence, finding a law firm with extensive experience in handling such cases can be quite easy, but make sure you find one that has successfully handled such cases.

The internet would be a good place to start searching for well-reputed and experienced law firms. Go online and use keywords such as Law firms around me in Maryland and contact one that has good client testimonials.

A seasoned attorney from a reliable law firm can provide the necessary expertise and guidance, helping you understand your rights, evaluate the strength of your case, and guide you through the complex legal process.

2. Obtain Your Medical Records

Securing your medical records is a critical step. These records serve as primary evidence in a medical malpractice case. They have all the details of the treatments you received and can help establish whether there was a deviation from the standard of care. Request copies of all relevant medical documents as soon as possible.

It's important to act quickly because obtaining these records can sometimes take time, and any delay might impact your case. Ensure you gather all records, including diagnostic reports, prescriptions, treatment notes, and any correspondence with healthcare providers. These documents will form the backbone of your evidence.

3. Understand the Statute of Limitations

Each state has its own statute of limitations for filing medical malpractice claims. It is important to understand these time limits to ensure that you file your claim within the legal timeframe.

In Maryland, for instance, the statute of limitations is generally three years from the date of the injury. Missing this deadline can result in losing your right to seek compensation. Consulting with your attorney early in the process will help ensure you meet all necessary deadlines and preserve your legal rights.

4. Get a Medical Assessment

A thorough medical assessment from an independent medical professional can support your claim. This assessment can help establish that the healthcare provider’s actions directly caused your injuries. It provides an objective evaluation of the harm suffered and its connection to the alleged malpractice.

An independent medical assessment is crucial because it adds credibility to your claim. Your attorney can help you find a qualified medical expert who can review your case, provide a detailed report, and, if necessary, testify in court to support your claim.

5. Determine the Type of Medical Malpractice

Identify the specific type of medical malpractice involved. This could range from surgical errors to misdiagnosis, medication errors, or birth injuries. Understanding the nature of the malpractice helps in building a focused and effective case. Different types of malpractice require different strategies and expertise.

For example, a misdiagnosis case might focus on what tests were or were not performed, while a surgical error case might involve a detailed analysis of the procedure and post-operative care. Clearly defining the type of malpractice involved helps in gathering relevant evidence and expert testimony to support your claim.

6. File a Complaint with the Medical Board

File a Complaint with the Medical Board

Filing a complaint with the state medical board is an important step. This can initiate an investigation into the healthcare provider’s conduct. While it may not result in immediate compensation, it can support your legal case and potentially prevent future incidents. The medical board has the authority to discipline the healthcare provider if they find evidence of malpractice.

This can include revoking the provider’s license, issuing fines, or mandating further training. The outcome of the medical board’s investigation can be a valuable piece of evidence in your lawsuit, showing a pattern of negligence or misconduct.

7. Engage in Pre-Litigation Mediation

Pre-litigation mediation can be a useful step. It involves a neutral third party who facilitates discussions between you and the healthcare provider to reach a settlement before going to court. Mediation can save time and reduce legal costs.

In mediation, both parties present their cases and negotiate terms with the mediator’s help. This process is less formal than a court trial and can often result in a mutually agreeable solution.

8. File the Lawsuit

If mediation fails, the next step is to file a lawsuit. Your attorney will draft a complaint outlining the details of the case, including the alleged malpractice, the injuries sustained, and the compensation you seek.

The complaint is then filed in the appropriate court. Formally filing the lawsuit initiates the legal process. This step also involves paying filing fees and adhering to procedural rules specific to your jurisdiction.

9. Prepare for Discovery

The discovery process involves the exchange of information between the parties. This includes depositions, interrogatories, and requests for documents. Discovery is a crucial phase where both sides gather evidence to support their claims and defenses. During discovery, your attorney will obtain testimony from witnesses, including medical experts, and gather documents that demonstrate the healthcare provider’s negligence.

This phase allows both sides to build their cases by understanding the facts and evidence each party will present at trial. It can be time-consuming and complex, but it is essential for uncovering critical information that supports your claim.

10. Go to Trial or Settle the Case

The final step is to either go to trial or settle the case out of court. If the case goes to trial, both sides will present their arguments and evidence to a judge or jury. Alternatively, a settlement can be reached at any point, providing a resolution without a trial. Many medical malpractice cases are settled out of court, allowing for a faster resolution and avoiding the uncertainties of a trial.


Each step highlighted in this article is crucial to filing a successful medical malpractice claim. By understanding these steps and working with a knowledgeable attorney, victims can navigate the legal process more effectively and increase their chances of receiving fair compensation.

The impact of medical malpractice can be severe and life-altering. Taking the right legal steps is essential for achieving justice and ensuring that similar incidents are prevented in the future.

Similar Posts